Optimization, Control, and Applications of Stochastic Systems: In Honor of Onésimo Hernández-Lerma (Systems & Control: Foundations & Applications)

Title : Optimization, Control, and Applications of Stochastic Systems: In Honor of Onésimo Hernández-Lerma (Systems & Control: Foundations & Applications)
Author :
ISBN/ASIN : 0817683364
Publication Date : 2012-08-14
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Paperback : 340 pages

Description :

This volume provides a general overview of discrete- and continuous-time Markov control processes and stochastic games, along with a look at the range of applications of stochastic control and some of its recent theoretical developments. These topics include various aspects of dynamic programming, approximation algorithms, and infinite-dimensional linear programming. In all, the work comprises 18 carefully selected papers written by experts in their respective fields.

Optimization, Control, and Applications of Stochastic Systems will be a valuable resource for all practitioners, researchers, and professionals in applied mathematics and operations research who work in the areas of stochastic control, mathematical finance, queueing theory, and inventory systems. It may also serve as a supplemental text for graduate courses in optimal control and dynamic games.

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Supply Chain Strategies, Issues and Models

Title : Supply Chain Strategies, Issues and Models
Author :
ISBN/ASIN : 1447153510
Publication Date : 2013-09-24
Publisher : Springer
Paperback : 304 pages

Description :

In the 21st century, supply chain operations and relationships among supply chain partners have become highly challenging, necessitating new approaches, e.g., the development of new models. Supply Chain Strategies, Issues and Models discusses supply chain issues and models with examples from actual industrial cases. Expert authors with a wide spectrum of knowledge working in various areas of supply chain management from various geographical locations offer refreshing, novel and insightful ideas and address possible solutions using established theories and models.

Supply Chain Strategies, Issues and Models features studies that have used mathematical modeling, statistical analyses and also descriptive qualitative studies. The chapters cover many relevant themes related to supply chains and logistics including supply chain complexity, information sharing, quality (six sigma), electronic Kanbans, inventory models, scheduling, purchasing and contracts. To facilitate easy reading, the chapters that deal with supply chain related issues are first, followed by studies on inventory, scheduling, purchasing and logistics.

This book can be used as a useful resource of supply chain management by academics, students and practitioners. This book can serve as a helping tool in managerial decision making for investments in collaboration and information exchange to improve forecasts, scheduling and inventory management, and for supply chain managers to leverage product and process complexities into competitive advantage. Some interesting mathematical models can appeal to students and researchers interested in modeling the impact of information sharing in supply chains.

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Reset Control Systems (Advances in Industrial Control)

Title : Reset Control Systems (Advances in Industrial Control)
Author : Alfonso Baños
ISBN/ASIN : 144712216X
Publication Date : 2011-10-15
Publisher : Springer
Paperback : 254 pages

Description :

Reset Control Systems addresses the analysis for reset control treating both its basic form, and some useful variations of the reset action and reset condition. The issues regarding reset control – concepts and motivation; analysis tools; and the application of design methodologies to real-world examples – are given thorough coverage.

The text opens with a historical perspective which moves from the seminal work of the Clegg integrator and Horowitz FORE to more recent approaches based on impulsive/hybrid control systems and explains the motivation for reset compensation. Preliminary material is also included. The focus then turns to stability analysis for systems using techniques which account for various time- and frequency-domain criteria. The final section of the book is centered on control systems design and application. The PI+CI compensator is detailed as are a proposed frequency domain approach using quantitative feedback theory and ideas for design improvement. Design examples are given.

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Performance Metrics for Haptic Interfaces (Springer Series on Touch and Haptic Systems)

Title : Performance Metrics for Haptic Interfaces (Springer Series on Touch and Haptic Systems)
Author : Evren Samur
ISBN/ASIN : 1447142241
Publication Date : 2012-07-13
Publisher : Springer
Paperback : 132 pages

Description :

Haptics technology is being used more and more in different applications, such as in computer games for increased immersion, in surgical simulators to create a realistic environment for training of surgeons, in surgical robotics due to safety issues and in mobile phones to provide feedback from user action. The existence of these applications highlights a clear need to understand performance metrics for haptic interfaces and their implications on device design, use and application. Performance Metrics for Haptic Interfaces aims at meeting this need by establishing standard practices for the evaluation of haptic interfaces and by identifying significant performance metrics.

Towards this end, a combined physical and psychophysical experimental methodology is presented. Firstly, existing physical performance measures and device characterization techniques are investigated and described in an illustrative way. Secondly, a wide range of human psychophysical experiments are reviewed and the appropriate ones are applied to haptic interactions. The psychophysical experiments are unified as a systematic and complete evaluation method for haptic interfaces. Finally, synthesis of both evaluation methods is discussed.

The metrics provided in this state-of-the-art volume will guide readers in evaluating the performance of any haptic interface. The generic methodology will enable researchers to experimentally assess the suitability of a haptic interface for a specific purpose, to characterize and compare devices quantitatively and to identify possible improvement strategies in the design of a system.

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Quantitative Problem Solving Methods in the Airline Industry: A Modeling Methodology Handbook (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science)

Title : Quantitative Problem Solving Methods in the Airline Industry: A Modeling Methodology Handbook (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science)
Author :
ISBN/ASIN : 1461416078
Publication Date : 2011-12-23
Publisher : Springer
Paperback : 462 pages

Description :

This book reviews Operations Research theory, applications and practice in seven major areas of airline planning and operations.  In each area, a team of academic and industry experts provides an overview of the business and technical landscape, a view of current best practices, a summary of open research questions and suggestions for relevant future research.  There are several common themes in current airline Operations Research efforts.  First is a growing focus on the customer in terms of: 1) what they want; 2) what they are willing to pay for services; and 3) how they are impacted by planning, marketing and operational decisions.  Second, as algorithms improve and computing power increases, the scope of modeling applications expands, often re-integrating processes that had been broken into smaller parts in order to solve them in the past.  Finally, there is a growing awareness of the uncertainty in many airline planning and operational processes and decisions.  Airlines now recognize the need to develop ‘robust’ solutions that effectively cover many possible outcomes, not just the best case, “blue sky” scenario. 

Individual chapters cover:

Customer Modeling methodologies, including current and emerging applications.

Airline Planning and Schedule Development, with a look at  many remaining open research questions.

Revenue Management, including a view of current business and technical landscapes, as well as suggested areas for future research.

Airline Distribution — a comprehensive overview of this newly emerging area.

Crew Management Information Systems, including a review of recent algorithmic advances, as well as the development of information systems that facilitate the integration of crew management modeling with airline planning and operations.

Airline Operations, with consideration of recent advances and successes in solving the airline operations problem.
Air Traffic Flow Management, including the modeling environment and opportunities for both Air Traffic Flow Management and the airlines.

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Sound & Vibration 2.0: Design Guidelines for Health Care Facilities

Title : Sound & Vibration 2.0: Design Guidelines for Health Care Facilities
Author :
ISBN/ASIN : 1461449863
Publication Date : 2012-08-30
Publisher : Springer
Paperback : 72 pages

Description :

This document was commissioned by the Facility Guidelines Institute as the sole reference for acoustics in health care facilities. It was written by the Health Care Acoustics Working Group, a permanent committee of the Acoustics Research Council (ARC), comprised of members of leading professional societies in acoustics, noise control engineering, acoustical consulting and related professions. ARC organized the health care Working Group in 2004-5 drawing its members from ten constituencies that range from medicine to law, public policy, architecture, design and engineering in order to provide constructive, guidance on sound and vibration based on research and best practices. Sound and Vibration 2.0 has been adopted as the sole reference standard for acoustics in health care facilities by: the 2010 FGI/ASHE “Guidelines for the Design and Construction of Healthcare Facilities” (used in 60 countries); the US Green Building Council’s “LEED for Healthcare” (used in 87 countries); The Green Guide for Health Care V2.2; and the International Code Council’s IGCC (2011).

Sound and vibration are topics of increasing prominence in the design, construction, and operation of healthcare facilities. A satisfactory acoustical environment in a healthcare facility is now viewed as an essential component of effective healthcare.

Sensible acoustical and privacy planning in the early design stages of a healthcare facility project can be solved effectively and affordably with a few strokes of the designer’s pencil. The recommended minimum design requirements presented in this work are therefore intended to aid designers in achieving satisfactory acoustical and privacy environments in healthcare facilities. This handbook includes comprehensive, practical, and measureable guidelines for all aspects of acoustics in the design, construction, and evaluation of all types of healthcare facilities, including large general hospitals, specialized patient care facilities, and ambulatory patient care facilities.

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State Space Grids: Depicting Dynamics Across Development

Title : State Space Grids: Depicting Dynamics Across Development
Author : Tom Hollenstein
ISBN/ASIN : 1461450063
Publication Date : 2012-10-29
Publisher : Springer
Paperback : 127 pages

Description :

Human development from birth through adulthood is a complex interplay of many interacting forces. Children’s internal processes are manifest in behaviors that are sculpted by their experiences, most notably with primary caregivers. Because the discipline of psychology explores human behavior and cognition, the techniques employed for developmental analysis must be able to describe, depict, and quantify these complex processes.

State Space Grids provides the framework, basic method, rationale, and advanced techniques for translating the behavior of children, adolescents, and parents into visible, traceable data. This seminar-between-covers takes readers step by step from conceptualization through implementation of projects, with examples from a range of current research within and outside child development. Links are included for the GridWare software program and related user resources. And although state space grids need not be used only to analyze dynamic systems, they serve as an excellent tool for honing systemic thinking.

Key coverage in this volume includes:

Dynamic systems and the origins of state space grids.
The state of research using state space grids.
Introducing GridWare and how it works.
How to use state space grids, from idea through finished project.
Within-grid and between-grid analysis.
Conducting advanced analysis.

State Space Grids is an essential reference for researchers across such disciplines as psychology, neuroscience, economics, computer science, and agricultural science.

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Recycled Aggregate in Concrete: Use of Industrial, Construction and Demolition Waste (Green Energy and Technology)

Title : Recycled Aggregate in Concrete: Use of Industrial, Construction and Demolition Waste (Green Energy and Technology)
Author : Jorge de Brito
ISBN/ASIN : 1447145399
Publication Date : 2012-11-21
Publisher : Springer
Paperback : 445 pages

Description :

Concrete is the most used man-made material in the world since its invention. The widespread use of this material has led to continuous developments such as ultra-high strength concrete and self-compacting concrete. Recycled Aggregate in Concrete: Use of Industrial, Construction and Demolition Waste focuses on the recent development which the use of various types of recycled waste materials as aggregate in the production of various types of concrete.

By drawing together information and data from various fields and sources, Recycled Aggregate in Concrete: Use of Industrial, Construction and Demolition Waste provides full coverage of this subject. Divided into two parts, a compilation of varied literature data related to the use of various types of industrial waste as aggregates in concrete is followed by a discussion of the use of construction and demolition waste as aggregate in concrete. The properties of the aggregates and their effect on various concrete properties are presented, and the quantitative procedure to estimate the properties of concrete containing construction and demolition waste as aggregates is explained. Current codes and practices developed in various countries to use construction and demolition waste as aggregates in concrete and issues related to the sustainability of cement and concrete production are also discussed.

The comprehensive information presented in  Recycled Aggregate in Concrete: Use of Industrial, Construction and Demolition Waste will be helpful to graduate students, researchers and concrete technologists. The collected data will also be an essential reference for practicing engineers who face problems concerning the use of these materials in concrete production.

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Plasticity in Plant-Growth-Promoting and Phytopathogenic Bacteria

Title : Plasticity in Plant-Growth-Promoting and Phytopathogenic Bacteria
Author :
ISBN/ASIN : 1461492025
Publication Date : 2014-01-31
Publisher : Springer
Paperback : 208 pages

Description :

Plasticity in Plant-Growth-Promoting and Phytopathogenic Bacteria brings together the expertise of a panel of researchers from around the world to provide comprehensive up-to-date reviews on the most interesting aspects of genomic and phenotypic plasticity in plant-beneficial and phytopathogenic bacteria.

The book covers various topics, including common and specific features in the genomes of symbiotic, plant-growth-promoting, and phytopathogenic bacteria; regulation of conjugative plasmid transfer in rhizobia; genetic and phenotypic variability in plant-beneficial pseudomonads and azospirilla; genomic fluxes in phytopathogenic xanthomonads and pseudomonads; genome plasticity in obligate parasitic Phytoplasmas; comparative genomics of plant-growth-promoting and phytopathogenic Herbaspirillum species; horizontal gene transfer in planta and microevolution of plant-associated bacteria in the phytosphere.

Plasticity in Plant-Growth-Promoting and Phytopathogenic Bacteria is recommended for all microbiology and plant biology laboratories.

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Statistical Analysis of Management Data

Title : Statistical Analysis of Management Data
Author : Hubert GATIGNON
ISBN/ASIN : 1461485932
Publication Date : 2013-10-30
Publisher : Springer
Paperback : 400 pages

Description :

Statistical Analysis of Management Data provides a comprehensive approach to multivariate statistical analyses that are important for researchers in all fields of management, including finance, production, accounting, marketing, strategy, technology, and human resources. This book is especially designed to provide doctoral students with a theoretical knowledge of the concepts underlying the most important multivariate techniques and an overview of actual applications.  It offers a clear, succinct exposition of each technique with emphasis on when each technique is appropriate and how to use it.  This third edition, fully revised, updated, and expanded, reflects the most current evolution in the methods for data analysis in management and the social sciences. In particular, this edition includes:

·         A new chapter on the analysis of mediation and moderation effects

·         Examples using STATA for most of the statistical methods

·         Example of XLSTAT applications

Featuring numerous examples, the book may serve as an advanced text or as a resource for applied researchers in industry who want to understand the foundations of the methods particularly relevant and typically used in management research, and to learn how they can be applied using widely available statistical software.

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