Computability: Turing, Gödel, Church, and Beyond

Title : Computability: Turing, Gödel, Church, and Beyond
Author :
ISBN/ASIN : 0262018993
Publication Date : 2013-06-07
Publisher : The MIT Press
Paperback : 376 pages

Description :

In the 1930s a series of seminal works published by Alan Turing, Kurt Gödel, Alonzo Church, and others established the theoretical basis for computability. This work, advancing precise characterizations of effective, algorithmic computability, was the culmination of intensive investigations into the foundations of mathematics. In the decades since, the theory of computability has moved to the center of discussions in philosophy, computer science, and cognitive science. In this volume, distinguished computer scientists, mathematicians, logicians, and philosophers consider the conceptual foundations of computability in light of our modern understanding. Some chapters focus on the pioneering work by Turing, Gödel, and Church, including the Church-Turing thesis and Gödel’s response to Church’s and Turing’s proposals. Other chapters cover more recent technical developments, including computability over the reals, Gödel’s influence on mathematical logic and on recursion theory and the impact of work by Turing and Emil Post on our theoretical understanding of online and interactive computing; and others relate computability and complexity to issues in the philosophy of mind, the philosophy of science, and the philosophy of mathematics.

Contributors:Scott Aaronson, Dorit Aharonov, B. Jack Copeland, Martin Davis, Solomon Feferman, Saul Kripke, Carl J. Posy, Hilary Putnam, Oron Shagrir, Stewart Shapiro, Wilfried Sieg, Robert I. Soare, Umesh V. Vazirani

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The Logic of Logistics: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications for Logistics and Supply Chain Management (Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering)

Title : The Logic of Logistics: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications for Logistics and Supply Chain Management (Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering)
Author : David Simchi-Levi
ISBN/ASIN : 0387221999
Publication Date : 2004-11-24
Publisher : Springer
Paperback : 355 pages

Description :

Fierce competition in today’s global market provides a powerful motivation for developing ever more sophisticated logistics systems. This book, written for the logistics manager and researcher, presents a survey of the modern theory and application of logistics. The goal of the book is to present the state-of-the-art in the science of logistics management. As a result, the authors have written a timely and authoritative survey of this field that many practitioners and researchers will find makes an invaluable companion to their work. Continue reading

The Handbook of Contemporary Clinical Hypnosis: Theory and Practice

Title : The Handbook of Contemporary Clinical Hypnosis: Theory and Practice
Author :
ISBN/ASIN : 0470683678
Publication Date : 2011-11-07
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Paperback : 652 pages

Description :

Covering theory and practice, The Handbook of Contemporary Clinical Hypnosis is an up-to-date, authoritative resource to support health professionals in their use of hypnosis in clinical settings.

  • Provides an authoritative new reference for practitioners and trainees on the diverse applications of hypnosis, published under the auspices of the British Society for Clinical and Academic Hypnosis (BSCAH)
  • Combines a theoretical framework with material on a wide range of specific disorders including anxiety, stress phobias, eczema, oncology, eating disorders and infertility
  • Shows how to adjust hypnotic techniques for different contexts e.g. when working with children, in emergencies and via a translator
  •  Features a variety of case studies that illustrate hypnosis techniques in action

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Essentials of Dyslexia Assessment and Intervention

Title : Essentials of Dyslexia Assessment and Intervention
Author : Nancy Mather
ISBN/ASIN : 0470927607
Publication Date : 2011-11-01
Publisher : Wiley
Paperback : 396 pages

Description :

Quickly acquire the knowledge and skills you need to effectively understand, assess, and treat individuals struggling with dyslexia

Essentials of Dyslexia Assessment and Intervention provides practical, step-by-step information on accurately identifying, assessing, and using evidence-based interventions with individuals with dyslexia. Addressing the components that need to be considered in the assessment of dyslexia—both cognitive and academic—this book includes descriptions of the various tests used in a comprehensive dyslexia assessment along with detailed, evidence-based interventions that professionals and parents can use to help individuals struggling with dyslexia.

Like all the volumes in the Essentials of Psychological Assessment series, each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as test questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered.

Providing an in-depth look at dyslexia, this straightforward book presents information that will prepare school psychologists, neuropsychologists, educational diagnosticians, special education teachers, as well as general education teachers, to recognize, assess, and provide effective treatment programs for dyslexia. The book is also a good resource for parents who are helping a child with dyslexia.

  • A practical guide to understanding, assessing, and helping individuals who have dyslexia
  • Expert advice and tips throughout
  • Conveniently formatted for rapid reference

Other titles in the Essentials of Psychological Assessment series:
Essentials of Assessment Report Writing
Essentials of School Neuropsychological Assessment
Essentials of Evidence-Based Academic Interventions
Essentials of Response to Intervention
Essentials of Processing Assessment
Essentials of Conners Behavior Assessments
Essentials of Cross-Battery Assessment, Second Edition
Essentials of WISC-IV Assessment, Second Edition Continue reading

Solid State NMR Studies of Biopolymers

Title : Solid State NMR Studies of Biopolymers
Author :
ISBN/ASIN : 0470721227
Publication Date : 2010-09-20
Publisher : Wiley
Paperback : 592 pages

Description :

The content of this volume has been added to eMagRes (formerly Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance) – the ultimate online resource for NMR and MRI.

The field of solid state NMR of biological samples [ssNMR] has blossomed in the past 5-10 years, and a cohesive overview of the technology is needed for new practitioners in industry and academia. This title provides an overview of Solid State NMR methods for studying structure dynamics and ligand-binding in biopolymers, and offers an overview of RF pulse sequences for various applications, including not only a systematic catalog but also a discussion of theoretical tools for analysis of pulse sequences. Practical examples of biochemical applications are included, along with a detailed discussion of the many aspects of sample preparation and handling that make spectroscopy on solid proteins successful.

About EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks 

The Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance (up to 2012) and eMagRes (from 2013 onward) publish a wide range of online articles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large number of articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling the publication of a series of EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. The chapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefully chosen selection of articles from eMagRes. In consultation with the eMagRes Editorial Board, the EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks  are coherently planned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articles are written (together with updates of some already existing articles) to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks are intended to be of value and interest to research students, postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about the scientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments, whether in academia or industry.

Have the content of this Handbook and the complete content of eMagRes at your fingertips!
Visit: www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes

View other eMagRes publications here

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MRI of Tissues with Short T2s or T2*s

Title : MRI of Tissues with Short T2s or T2*s
Author :
ISBN/ASIN : 0470688351
Publication Date : 2013-01-04
Publisher : Wiley
Paperback : 500 pages

Description :

The content of this volume has been added to eMagRes (formerly Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance) – the ultimate online resource for NMR and MRI.

Up to now MRI could not be used clinically for imaging fine structures of bones or muscles. Since the late 1990s however, the scene has changed dramatically. In particular, Graeme Bydder and his many collaborators have demonstrated the possibility – and importance – of imaging structures in the body that were previously regarded as being “MR Invisible”. The images obtained with a variety of these newly developed methods exhibit complex contrast, resulting in a new quality of images for a wide range of new applications.

This Handbook is designed to enable the radiology community to begin their assessment of how best to exploit these new capabilities. It is organised in four major sections – the first of which, after an Introduction, deals with the basic science underlying the rest of the contents of the Handbook. The second, larger, section describes the techniques which are used in recovering the short T2 and T2* data from which the images are reconstructed. The third and fourth sections present a range of applications of the methods described earlier. The third section deals with pre-clinical uses and studies, while the final section describes a range of clinical applications. It is this last section that will surely have the biggest impact on the development in the next few years as the huge promise of Short T2 and T2* Imaging will be exploited to the benefit of patients.

In many instances, the authors of an article are the only research group who have published on the topic they describe. This demonstrates that this Handbook presents a range of methods and applications with a huge potential for future developments.

About EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks 

The Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance (up to 2012) and eMagRes (from 2013 onward) publish a wide range of online articles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large number of articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling the publication of a series of EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. The chapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefully chosen selection of articles from eMagRes. In consultation with the eMagRes Editorial Board, the EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks  are coherently planned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articles are written (together with updates of some already existing articles) to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks are intended to be of value and interest to research students, postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about the scientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments, whether in academia or industry.

Have the content of this Handbook and the complete content of eMagRes at your fingertips!
Visit: www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes

View other eMagRes publications here

Continue reading

NMR of Quadrupolar Nuclei in Solid Materials

Title : NMR of Quadrupolar Nuclei in Solid Materials
Author : Roderick E. Wasylishen
ISBN/ASIN : 0470973986
Publication Date : 2012-08-07
Publisher : Wiley
Paperback : 550 pages

Description :

The content of this volume has been added to eMagRes (formerly Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance) – the ultimate online resource for NMR and MRI.

Over the past 20 years technical developments in superconducting magnet technology and instrumentation have increased the potential of NMR spectroscopy so that it is now possible to study a wide range of solid materials. In addition, one can probe the nuclear environments of many other additional atoms that possess the property of spin. In particular, it is possible to carry out NMR experiments on isotopes that have nuclear spin greater that ½ (i.e.  quadrupolar nuclei). Since more that two-thirds of all NMR active isotopes are quadrupolar nuclei, applications of NMR spectroscopy with quadrupolar nuclei are increasing rapidly.

The purpose of this handbook is to provide under a single cover the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of quadrupolar NMR as it pertains to solid materials. Each chapter has been prepared by an expert who has made significant contributions to out understanding and appreciation of the importance of NMR studies of quadrupolar nuclei in solids. The text is divided into three sections: The first provides the reader with the background necessary to appreciate the challenges in acquiring and interpreting NMR spectra of quadrupolar neclei in solids. The second presents cutting-edge techniques and methodology for employing these techniques to investigate quadrupolar nuclei in solids. The final section explores applications of solid-state NMR studies of solids ranging from investigations of dynamics, characterizations of biological samples, organic and inorganic materials, porous materials, glasses, catalysts, semiconductors and high-temperature superconductors.

About EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks 

The Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance (up to 2012) and eMagRes (from 2013 onward) publish a wide range of online articles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large number of articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling the publication of a series of EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. The chapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefully chosen selection of articles from eMagRes. In consultation with the eMagRes Editorial Board, the EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks  are coherently planned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articles are written (together with updates of some already existing articles) to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks are intended to be of value and interest to research students, postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about the scientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments, whether in academia or industry.

Have the content of this Handbook and the complete content of eMagRes at your fingertips!
Visit: www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes

View other eMagRes publications here

Continue reading

Governing Immigration Through Crime: A Reader

Title : Governing Immigration Through Crime: A Reader
Author :
ISBN/ASIN : 0804778817
Publication Date : 2013-03-27
Publisher : Stanford Social Sciences
Paperback : 320 pages

Description :

In the United States, immigration is generally seen as a law and order issue. Amidst increasing anti-immigrant sentiment, unauthorized migrants have been cast as lawbreakers. Governing Immigration Through Crime offers a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the use of crime and punishment to manage undocumented immigrants.

Presenting key readings and cutting-edge scholarship, this volume examines a range of contemporary criminalizing practices: restrictive immigration laws, enhanced border policing, workplace audits, detention and deportation, and increased policing of immigration at the state and local level. Of equal importance, the readings highlight how migrants have managed to actively resist these punitive practices. In bringing together critical theorists of immigration to understand how the current political landscape propagates the view of the “illegal alien” as a threat to social order, this text encourages students and general readers alike to think seriously about the place of undocumented immigrants in American society.

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Evolutionary Optimization Algorithms

Title : Evolutionary Optimization Algorithms
Author : Dan Simon
ISBN/ASIN : 0470937416
Publication Date : 2013-04-29
Publisher : Wiley
Paperback : 772 pages

Description :

A clear and lucid bottom-up approach to the basic principles of evolutionary algorithms

Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) are a type of artificial intelligence. EAs are motivated by optimization processes that we observe in nature, such as natural selection, species migration, bird swarms, human culture, and ant colonies.

This book discusses the theory, history, mathematics, and programming of evolutionary optimization algorithms. Featured algorithms include genetic algorithms, genetic programming, ant colony optimization, particle swarm optimization, differential evolution, biogeography-based optimization, and many others.

Evolutionary Optimization Algorithms:

  • Provides a straightforward, bottom-up approach that assists the reader in obtaining a clear—but theoretically rigorous—understanding of evolutionary algorithms, with an emphasis on implementation
  • Gives a careful treatment of recently developed EAs—including opposition-based learning, artificial fish swarms, bacterial foraging, and many others— and discusses their similarities and differences from more well-established EAs
  • Includes chapter-end problems plus a solutions manual available online for instructors
  • Offers simple examples that provide the reader with an intuitive understanding of the theory
  • Features source code for the examples available on the author’s website
  • Provides advanced mathematical techniques for analyzing EAs, including Markov modeling and dynamic system modeling

Evolutionary Optimization Algorithms: Biologically Inspired and Population-Based Approaches to Computer Intelligence is an ideal text for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and professionals involved in engineering and computer science. Continue reading

Plant Breeding Reviews (Volume 35)

Title : Plant Breeding Reviews (Volume 35)
Author : Jules Janick
ISBN/ASIN : 1118096797
Publication Date : 2011-11-15
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Paperback : 420 pages

Description :

Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops. The series is sponsored by the American Society for Horticultural Science and appears in the form of one or two volumes per year. Continue reading